I walk my Back40 every day the weather allows it. On my last walk I saw signs that at least one grouse was surviving the wick winter we have been having.
This apple tree is also a survivor, of several bear maulings. All my bear damage has occurred during the early summer months and not in the fall when the trees are bearing fruit. The male bear are roaming at this time of year looking for a mate and perhaps the lonely ones are taking their frustrations out on my trees? I plan on pruning off the large branch that angles down toward the ground and graft scion wood to the small upright growing limbs and hope the bear pass it by this year.